A partnership founded by The Evergreen State College and the WA Department of Corrections

The Washington State Department of Corrections (WA DOC) is responsible for more than 17,000 inmates in 12 prisons in Washington—a commitment that draws heavily from the state’s natural resources and costs taxpayers more than $1 billion annually. In 2003, WA DOC responded to Governor Locke’s directive to enhance the sustainability of its prisons by conserving energy and water, limiting and recycling waste and constructing green facilities. Concurrently, Evergreen and WA DOC began pilot activities at Cedar Creek Corrections Center to link scientists and conservation specialists with a non-traditional audience—incarcerated offenders.

The need to expand science and sustainability into new territory led to the Sustainability in Prisons Project. Initiated on July 1, 2008, via an Interagency Agreement, the Project grew and expanded to encompass programs at four prisons: Cedar Creek Corrections Center was joined by Stafford Creek Corrections Center, Mission Creek Corrections Center for Women, and the Washington Corrections Center for Women.

Today, the SPP is a statewide effort with programs in all 12 prisons in Washington State. Sustainable operations and a more productive and positive prison culture have allowed cost avoidance estimated at $4.3 million annually (that figure from 2012). We offer programming in four areas: science & sustainability education, conservation, sustainable operations, and community contributions. We also track and evaluate contributions from each program. With the expansion, it has become increasingly important to define the SPP approach. Our experience points to five Essential Components: these are the unifying principles that guide our work.


SPP has been a collaborative effort from the beginning, and we see partnerships as central to our success. The founding partnership between The Evergreen State College (Evergreen) and Washington Department of Corrections (WA DOC) remains the foundation of all we do, both in Washington and for the SPP Network. The partnership is strengthened by SPP’s co-directorship: Dr. Carri LeRoy is a member of the faculty at Evergreen, and Steve Sinclair is Assistant Secretary for WA DOC. The two organizations share in initiating new programs, collaborating with partners, supervising inmate technicians, and disseminating SPP outreach materials and resources. SPP staff at Evergreen and WA DOC work together daily and at every level of our operations.

Program partners
Nearly every SPP program also calls upon the expertise and support of additional partners. Key partners include (for details on each organization’s involvement with SPP, please click on the link):

Each of these organizations collaborates closely with SPP on one or more programs and adds to our expertise, funding resources, connections to the community, and the reach of our programs.

SPP also works with numerous smaller community and conservation organizations: local humane societies that partner on prison dog programs; sheriff’s offices that provide unclaimed bikes for bicycle restoration programs; food banks that accept prison-grown produce; university extension offices that provide training and certification, and volunteer groups that work with SPP on achieving conservation goals.

For our education and evaluation programming, we partner with numerous individuals and institutions. We welcome guest lecturers from numerous colleges, universities, land management agencies, conservation organizations, and small businesses (see a partial list). Our evaluations work has called on the expertise and input of faculty and researchers from University of Washington, Washington State University, University of Utah, and University of Denver.

SPP Network

As SPP has transformed into a statewide endeavor, our partnerships reach across the country and internationally. We have had inquiries from more than twenty states and several countries wanting to replicate SPP’s model. In September, 2012, the nascent SPP Network had its first meeting in Olympia, Washington. The same teams rejoined in Salt Lake City, Utah in March, 2013, and showed impressive progress and plans for the future. SPP-Washington and Utah’s Initiative to Bring Science Programs to the Incarcerated (INSPIRE) are working together to shape the Network’s offerings, funding, administration, and future. To contribute or get involved, please get in touch!